Investments For Economic Growth

Investments and transactions are important for economic growth. The more investments people make in the country, the better for the economy and for estimated economic growth. If you have desirable and reliable transactions, you can have economic growth even without strong institutions present in a certain country.

Inclusive economic growth is a catalyst for structural transformation

New economic opportunities and possibilities appear when you have sustained economic growth. Growth will always influence evolution and encourage it. It will encourage the emergence of new institutional forms and new social relations.

Society always adapts to the new status quo. The transformation requires the interaction of different capitals with new technical skills for the exploitation and exploration of areas and sectors of interest. Open transactions are the best for economic growth.

The Globalization Of Politics

The globalization of politics arises from the consequences of economic and cultural globalization. New problems arise which, due to the limited national possibilities, cannot be solved without global cooperation.

Problem area economy

Due to the expanding world economy, nation-states are increasingly coming into economic competition with each other, because there is competition between locations. This situation can lead to tensions between states. Multinational corporations are also increasingly evading the control of national economic policies.

An increase in global production leads to increased environmental pollution. Since the consequences of this do not stop at national borders, one state alone cannot solve most environmental problems. From this problem situation, a global political structure gradually emerges through the negotiations of the states. However, international negotiations of this kind are traditionally difficult due to differing interests.

How Politicians can Improve the Economy by Trading Overseas?

Today’s economy is challenging for many businesses and industries. For politicians, the best way to help the economy is by actively trading overseas. By opening new markets and increasing exports, politicians can encourage economic growth in their region or country.

At first glance, it may not appear like exporting will help an economy. After all, it means sending something away so that others will give you something in exchange.

Here are three ways that politicians can use international trade to improve the local or national economy;

Decrease Unemployment and Foster Economic Growth

One of the best ways that politicians can improve the economy is by reducing unemployment. There are many different ways to measure unemployment, but the most common is the unemployment rate.

This tells you what percentage of the workforce is currently unemployed.

When there are more people employed, the economy is stronger. Many politicians encourage employers to hire and create more jobs. But one of the best things that can be done for the economy is for the government to create an environment of open trade.

Help Local Businesses

Another way that governments can help local businesses is by reducing taxes. Remember that exports are the number of goods or services that a country sends abroad compared to the number of imports that they receive. 

Taxes on imports or exports are designed to promote certain industries. When there is a trade surplus, it means that the country imports more than they export.

Trade surpluses are usually negative for the economy if they are large enough. It usually indicates that the country is not competitive enough in the world economy. By imposing taxes on imports and subsidies on exports, a government can promote certain industries. But it can also help the economy overall.

Encourage Innovation and Investment

Countries that are open to trade foster innovation and investment. This leads to better products for consumers and more jobs for the people who work in the industry. When businesses and investors have access to more customers through trade, they are more likely to create new products, services, and invest in research and development. When a country has more exports and imports, it is called an open economy.

If politicians want to perform a different type of trading like stocks, that is possible too. They can partner with fidelcrest prop firm for traders and put it on their lists of the other ways to trade.

How Does Politics Affect The Real Estate Investment Market?

Have you ever wondered how politics influence your life? We may or may not agree, but the fact is that it is present in our daily lives and will affect us directly and indirectly. From the way we spend to the way we sell, from small commodities to bigger assets like sell a house. In other words, politics can make an impact in our financial life.

Economic Policy influences sectors of the economy

Many people don’t know, but there are some sectors that are much more affected than others. And, depending on how you are connected to them, you will feel the effects of the Economic Policy carried out in many countries. These strategies used by the Government, therefore, dictate the path for the general functioning of each country.

Today, we live in a scenario of lower basic interest rates, the Selic. Which leaves many rentiers worried about their profitability.

We call rentiers those who invest in fixed income and lend their money to the government in the case of Public Bonds or to banks, finance companies, and companies in the case of private bonds.

When we talk about loans to the government, not from the point of view of those who invest, but from the point of view of those who issue this security, the investment actually becomes a debt. It is simply the Government acquiring money from the population through the issuance of government bonds. And the higher the rate offered to rentiers, the greater the government’s debt to its investors.

This is exactly why economic heading bodies aim to lower the rates even further. This is a way of reducing government spending on paying the fee to rentiers.

Another great reason is the relationship between the basic interest rate and consumption, the lower the rate, the greater the consumption. This is because banks and financial loans and financing define the rate they will charge their customers based on the basic interest rate.

Read also: Hertsmere’s Forthcoming Real Estate Developments Making Borehamwood the Best Place to Live In

The sectors most affected by Economic Policy

As loans and financing become cheaper, people begin to take on this debt – thus increasing their purchasing power. There are several sectors that benefit from the increase in purchasing power that is being intensified from the reduction of the Selic rate, such as the energy sector – since companies in general will start to produce more due to the increase in demand, which will require an increase in production and will take a greater amount of energy.

The infrastructure sector is also affected since, with the economy reheating, construction regains prominence, causing a much greater demand for workers to integrate into the workforce. The tourism sector also evolves a lot – since with the economy returning, the country begins to have more prominence.

The retail sector is directly affected by the increase in consumption, its revenue expands and business expands.

But there is one sector, in particular, that is affected before the others – it is as if it were a mirror of what, in fact, is happening with the economy of a country. It is the real estate sector, which shows exactly the current moment of the economy.

The effects in practice

Do you remember walking the streets in mid-2014? I remember that every day that I passed through the city, I ended up seeing more houses to rent or sell, merchants passing the checkout, not all the stores in the malls were occupied and many properties were empty, so a continuous generation of expenses.

When we talk about investments, there is a modality within the variable income that has a moderate degree of risk and is composed precisely of real estate assets.

real estate fund

Real estate funds suffer directly from changes in the economy according to their composition. Not all real estate funds are always made up of physical properties, as FIIs can invest, for example, in fixed-income assets for real estate purposes, such as real estate bills and receipts, mortgage bills, direct treasury, shares of other real estate funds, fixed income, LIG, etc.

In addition, FIIs can also invest in shares, provided that the corporate purpose of these companies is activities allowed to real estate funds, such as mall managers, real estate developers and brokers, and other companies whose main objective is to invest in the real estate market.

Another important feature of this asset class is that it is composed of a closed-end fund. That is, it is not possible to redeem your shares, only to sell them to other buyers.

Hence the importance of being traded on the stock exchange, as it increases their liquidity due to the ease of access by common investors. FIIs are regulated and supervised by the Securities and Exchange Commission (CVM), which is an autarchy linked to the Ministry of Economy.

We can see then that, among the sectors that are most affected by the economy, it is the real estate sector that will exactly reflect the movements caused by the economic policy.

And considering that real estate investment funds carry assets from this same sector, they also end up being directly affected, affecting the value of the share and the dividends paid, which can appreciate in a high scenario or can depreciate in a low scenario.

History Of Political Economy

You can say that political economy emerged with mercantilism in the 16th century. This doctrine posited that countries became richer as they accumulated the greater amount of precious stones.

Political economy in the 17th to 20th century

Towards the end of the 17th century, Physiocracy was born. This, in response to mercantilism, claimed that nature, especially agriculture, was the source of wealth.

Later, in the 18th century, Adam Smith emerged, who focused on human labor as a source of wealth. His general recommendation was that the state let the agents pursue their own economic interests individually.

Then, in the 19th century, came Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who focused on the distribution of economic surpluses. Marx specifically refers to a surplus appropriated by the capitalists and generated by the workers.

Finally, one can say that there is a neoclassical political economy that emerged between the late 19th century and the early 20th century.

How Politics and Economy Influence Forex Rates

The foreign exchange market is the world’s largest and most liquid market for trading international currencies. It is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. The forex market has grown in importance as more countries have adopted floating exchange rates after World War II.

The forex market is an international market where one currency is traded for another. The foreign exchange rate, also known as the forex rate, is the rate at which one currency can be exchanged for another. The politics of forex are a factor that influences the foreign exchange rates. The economic indicators and currency rates are factors that influence the economics of currencies.

Forex brokers are there to help you place your trades. They are companies that offer a platform for people to trade currencies. They are the middleman between the traders and the banks. Before you decide on placing a trade, you will have to decide on the best broker to meet your needs. Read about top forex brokers review to help you decide on the best forex broker for you.

The Economic Calendar in Forex

In simple terms, the Forex Economic Calendar is a calendar that displays significant economic events that occur around the world. For example, a country’s interest rate decision (affecting the currency), a country’s crude oil inventories (affecting oil prices), and a country’s employment situation (like the NFP in the US, affecting the US dollar).

The economic calendar is an extremely important tool in trading as it points us in the right direction. This allows us to understand when something may happen to the assets involved and how important the event could be to us as we trade.

Factors influencing foreign exchange rates: politics, market, and manipulation

The main factors influencing foreign exchange rates are as follows:

  • Political decisions and special events. Most events on the economic calendar are the result of political decisions, such as changing the central bank’s interest rate or adjusting the minimum wage. These decisions can have a major impact on a currency’s price. There are also major events, such as wars between two countries. This could lead to shifts in supply and demand for certain assets and currencies, which in turn opens up trading opportunities for you!
  • Natural supply and demand. The forex market (and pretty much every market) is driven by sellers (supply) and buyers (demand). Each time supply or demand increases (or decreases), prices move accordingly. So it’s up to us traders to determine why changes in supply or demand are occurring, how that affects the market, and how we make trading decisions based on it.
  • Market manipulation. No market, no matter how large, can escape manipulation – not even the forex market. If a giant bank wants to boost currency prices, it will find a way to do it. So if we see unexpected movements and strange patterns in forex prices that cannot be explained, it could be a result of market manipulation.

Read also: Foreign Exchange Rates Impacts The Economy

Conclusion: The Impact of Politics and Economy on Forex Trading

Forex trading consists of exchanging currencies for each other and measuring their value. It is the largest and most liquid market in the world and can be traded almost daily. At the end of the day, we are all a part of the forex market – because currency transactions are happening behind the scenes every second!

Forex trading gives you a good insight into the development of a country’s economy, strong currencies are associated with healthy economies, and weak currencies with underperforming economies.

El Salvador President Tests Bitcoin As Second Currency

Bitcoin

 

In June, the parliament of El Salvador allowed the use of Bitcoin as an official second currency. That is great news to those earning Bitcoin through trading (you can also learn how to when you visit https://bitcoin360ai.com/de/).

Now the corresponding law has come into force. But many questions remain unanswered. President Bukele seems to want to test his power rather than promote the financial inclusion of his poor country.

In June, the Chamber of Deputies, dominated by a majority of the ruling Nuevas Ideas party, quickly waved through the law to introduce Bitcoin as the official second currency for El Salvador. The law came into force at the beginning of September. It is a very short legal text with only 17 articles. However, the brevity and the unclear or not formulated procedural rules carry a great risk in such sensitive decisions.

President Nayib Bukele announced his decision to introduce Bitcoin during a conference in the US. The conference participants were experts and lovers of technology and cryptocurrencies. At the same time, El Salvador is one of the poorest countries in Latin America.

In his own country, which is about the size of Hesse, Bukele limits his appearances on the subject of Bitcoin to the medium Twitter, which he prefers. So far, there has been no press conference in which the Salvadoran population has been told how to imagine how to deal with Bitcoin.

President Bukele praises the installation of around 200 Bitcoin ATMs on social media almost as a panacea. How the setting of the exchange rate between Bitcoin and the official national currency US dollar is to work, the law does not specify. It is also concealed that when exchanging Bitcoin into US dollars, 5% fees are charged on the transaction.

Opportunities for financial inclusion

Populist Bukele justifies his decision with the opportunities of financial inclusion and the associated freedom that many people will have if they use Bitcoin to enter the formal economy. Bitcoins also have advantages for withdrawing home transfers from the USA, which account for 20% of GDP. For wallet-to-wallet transactions, the withdrawal in El Salvador would be free of charge, but the sender must also have Bitcoin. The government is trying to make the project palatable to citizens by giving everyone $30 in Bitcoin. To a certain extent, Bukele also seems to have the intention of detaching his country from the controls of the international financial system with the introduction of Bitcoin.

In the future, taxes should be able to be paid with Bitcoins, and every company and every business is obliged by law to accept Bitcoins as a means of payment. An app should be used for this. How this works, however, is still unclear. Training and further education opportunities for entrepreneurs or banks have so far been lacking, but they would be urgently needed. Stakeholders are not necessarily critical of the project but are unsettled by the lack of information and the legal basis.

 

ALSO READ: The Importance of Retail and Wholesale for Growth in a Country

 

It is a very high-risk experiment

Although the charismatic president, in the eyes of many, despite his authoritarian traits, remains certain of the approval of most Salvadorans, the risks of the latest decision seem to clearly outweigh the opportunities.

Bitcoin has a very volatile value. In order to pay taxes or fines, for example, the law would have to set the applicable exchange rate of US dollars in Bitcoin. For loans in Bitcoin, this volatility is also an extreme problem. Whether the established trust fund of 150 million US dollars will be able to cushion the volatility of Bitcoin remains open.

Transactions with Bitcoins are registered, but it is difficult to understand who made them from which device. This lack of transparency provides an optimal breeding ground for money laundering and the establishment of a tax haven. This is also the biggest concern of international institutions such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the rating agencies Fitch Ratings and Moody’s. Consequently, it remains to be seen what decision the IMF will make regarding the $1.3 million loan to El Salvador currently under negotiation. It is a very high-risk experiment.

A government test run

The actual motives for Bukele’s decision are assumed to be a possible de-dollarization. That would intensify the confrontation with the US. When in May this year the impeachment of all judges of the Supreme Court and the Attorney General became known as the first decision of the newly elected Chamber of Deputies, which was characterized by a majority of the ruling party, the US called for the preservation of the separation of powers as the basis of a stable democracy.

Bitcoin seems to be a test run of the government to observe how quickly such unclear decisions are accepted by the population. That doesn’t bode well. It is clear that the authoritarian traits of the president, with support in parliament, are becoming increasingly apparent. Obvious resistance did not flare up until September 15. On this day, Central America celebrates two hundred years of its independence. But the protesters’ motives are diffuse, with some protesting the introduction of Bitcoin and the Supreme Court’s unconstitutional decision to approve the president’s direct re-election. Others protested against planned constitutional reforms and the restriction of freedom of the press and freedom of expression, while others protested against the sluggish reactivation of the economy. Protesters pretend that they have not taken to the streets out of fear. Whether these protests will continue or intensify remains to be seen.

Role model for other Central American countries?

Not only since the introduction of Bitcoin in El Salvador, other Central American countries have also become aware of the potential of digital currencies. In Honduras, the central bank is already researching the introduction of digital central bank money. Central banks around the world are working on developing a digital form of their respective currencies as well as regulating cryptocurrencies. In Panama, a draft law was presented at the beginning of September, which, however, only provides for the regulation of cryptocurrencies as an alternative means of payment and does not make adoption mandatory. Although the introduction of Bitcoin could further advance the integration of Central America, especially in the commercial and financial sectors, transparency and a clear legal framework must be guaranteed for such a system to work. Digital currencies offer enormous potential for people without access to the banking system. However, it is important to differentiate between the different forms of digital currencies and their functions: While Bitcoin is less suitable as a means of payment due to its high volatility, so-called stablecoins, a version of cryptocurrencies whose value is pegged to that of reserve currencies such as the US dollar, have high stability. Many users use Bitcoin more as a form of investment than as a medium of exchange. Thus, it seems highly problematic when transactions are obliged to accept a volatile cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin. Even supporters of a currency competition should therefore treat El Salvador’s decision with caution.

Politics & Business Have Different Tasks

Politics shapes your social life. It sets the framework for what you do and don’t do, first and foremost in economic matters.

The market economy has a decisive advantage over all other economic systems. In principle, it allows everyone to gain an advantage from the given framework conditions.

This individual and social freedom is the motor for innovation, growth and increasing prosperity if the framework conditions allow it.

Politics and business have two very different tasks in the social system

This means that politics and business, which of course also includes the banks, have two very different tasks in our social system. Politics sets the framework within which you can move. Individual freedom allows each individual to make the best of it for themselves. Ultimately, they can also do it for the society in and for which they work.

Of course, this freedom is not unlimited. Laws and regulations restrict these freedoms, as do ethical and moral norms. In addition, what the citizens earn is redistributed through taxes and levies, for example according to social aspects.

Ecommerce – Achieving Economic Growth in a New Business Landscape

There is no doubt that ecommerce has reached a level of popularity that spurred economic growth and spawned innovations that changed the business landscape. As a result, governments have to catch up with ecommerce laws and regulations for protecting consumers amidst the tightening competition between online entities.

The ecommerce experience equates to convenience, cost reduction and empowerment to choose the best products from sellers and service providers endorsed by consumers. Despite persistent inflation, the rate by which ecommerce has been growing on a global scale, is on track to surpass the projected sales of $1 trillion at the end of year 2022.

Lately in the US, the increased incidences of gun violence, mass shootings, road rages, unprovoked attacks and unexpected flash floods have been posing as post-pandemic growth barriers for brick-and-mortar stores. Moreover, avoidance of additional expenses in light of rising prices is another reason why the buying public prefer to order or shop online.

Businesses Respond by Reducing Complexities of Online Transactions

Opportunities to increase their market share have been motivating online sellers to reduce the complexities of transacting business online. Business-to-business (B2B) players are in fact attracting new and existing customers with streamlined processes that reduce the challenges posed by conventional trade cycles.

The direct-to-consumer (DTC) approach has been driving ecommerce growth, as this sector is expected to generate about $103.4 million in 2022 through drop-shipping method. Here all that a seller has to do is to maintain a website that serves as a channel for processing retail sales, without need to stock merchandise as physical inventories. The DTC approach fulfills orders by purchasing the goods from a distributor or dealer and have it drop shipped directly at the doorstep of the customer.The efficiency of these online channels has also spurred growth in the ecommerce realm. Increased job and business opportunities are present in the fields of IT services, SEO and digital marketing, as well as website design and development. These entities provide the ecommerce elements that can influence the decisions of online consumers when choosing a seller or online store that can potentially become a regular supplier.

Staying Alive Amidst Massive Number of Ecommerce Sites

Market reports have it that currently, there are as many as 12 million or even up to 24 million active ecommerce websites operating globally. An online commercial outlet therefore can easily get overshadowed or lost among the multitude, if its website was not developed and designed to face tough competitions.

SEO strategies and aesthetic features are not enough in order to stand out and be selected above the rest. Once a new customer arrives at a website, how the site functions and behaves in response to actions launched is important. Features such as having a navigable graphic user interface, multimedia content, virtual shopping cart, accessible extensive payment options and such other applications that create an experience similar to using a computer-based program, all add up as factors that add value to shopping or transacting business online.

If you’re looking for an expert provider of ecommerce website development services. This web developer has earned acclaims for building beautiful platforms capable of quickly achieving ecommerce goals using customer-centric applications like Shopify, Drupal, BigCommerce, WooCommerce and.Magento development,

Why Is Economy Important To Government?

The economy plays an important role in your daily life. Studying economics allows you to understand past, current and future models. You can apply them to individuals, businesses, societies, and governments, businesses.

Why is the economy important in society?

Economics provides a framework for understanding the actions and decisions of businesses, individuals, and governments. In addition, it offers a method to understand the relations in a market-driven society. Thus, it provides a way to analyze government guidelines that affect the jobs, families, and lives of citizens.

Government & Its Role In Economic Growth

Government plays an important part in the regional economy.

Why government plays a part in economic development

Social impacts. Development can have long-term optimistic effects on the economic well-being of people and places, especially low-skilled, less-educated individuals.

Spillovers. The marketplace will produce too much if private sector sellers and buyers oversee negative spillovers like pollution. They will produce too little when they oversee positive spillovers.

Existing but under-utilized capacity. If private resources or public infrastructure are left idle, a society can miss out on the chance for existing investments’ economic potential.

Political pressure. Decline or lack of progress in the economy prompts demands from voters for economic development action whether good or bad.

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