The Government has a limited but important role in the market economy. It has four major roles in the economy:

  1. Providing the Legal Structure. The Government sets up the system and procedures that the public should follow.
  • Government is in charge to provide the legal status of a business.
  • The registry of the articles of a corporation is also legalized by the government.
  • Protecting property rights.
  • Legalization of contracts
  • The Government provides a medium of exchange
  • The Government guarantees product quality.

  1. Maintaining Competition. Competition is essential to innovation and choice. The Government steps in to correct monopolism.
  2. Redistributing Income.
  • Transfer Payments
  • Market Intervention
  • Taxation
  1. Reallocating Resources.